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Timer Based Led Blinking Program



Here is a simple code for Blinking a LED. The LED is connected to P2.0 & 12MHz crystal is used. The Anode of the LED is given to Vcc through a resistor & the cathode is connected to the microcontroller pin. Please check this link to see how to interface LED to Microcontroller. The LED is ON for One Second & OFF for ONE Second.

Here we will be using Timer 0 in 16 bit mode to generate One second delay. The maximum delay that can be generated using TIMER 0 in any mode is 65535 clock cycles & since we are using 12MHz crystal maximum delay is 65.535ms. But we require 1second delay. So we generate 50ms delay using TIMER 0 & when 20 such delays have been generated we come to know that one second has elapsed. So basically 0.05ms X 20 =1 second. So we use a RAM location “multiplier” load it with 20 and whenever the timer overflows the ram location multiplier is decremented by one. Thus when multiplier becomes zero we come to know that one second has elapsed & we toggle the LED.

led1                                     BIT                          P2.0

multiplier                              EQU                       30h                      //RAM Location

MULTIPLIER_DEFAULT           DATA                     20                        //20 x 0.05 = 1 sec

ORG 0000h

mov multiplier,#MULTIPLIER_DEFAULT

mov TMOD,#01h                                                        // Timer 0 Mode 1(16 bit mode)

mov TH0,#3ch                                                           //0.05 sec

mov TL0,#0B8H

setb TR0                                                                  //Start Timer 0

 

loop:

clr led1                                                                    //TURN ON LED

call check_timer                                                       //wait for 1 second

setb led1                                                               //TURN OFF LED

call check_timer                                                      //wait for 1 second

ajmp loop

check_timer:

jnb TF0,$                                                              //wait for timer to over flow

clr TF0                                                                 //clear TIMER 0 flag

clr TR0                                                                //Stop Timer 0

mov TH0,#3ch                                                    //0.05 sec, Reload timer 0

mov TL0,#0B8H

setb TR0                                                            //Start Timer 0

djnz multiplier,check_timer                                  //Decrement multiplier by 1 & check if its 0

mov multiplier,#MULTIPLIER_DEFAULT

ret

end

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Administrator

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